File:Cook et al. (2016) Studies consensus.jpg

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English: This graphic by John Cook from "Consensus on Consensus" by Cook et al. (2016) uses pie charts to illustrates the results of seven climate consensus studies by Naomi Oreskes, Peter Doran, William Anderegg, Bart Verheggen, Ed Maibach, J. Stuart Carlton, and John Cook.
Date 2 May 2016
Author Skeptical Science Graphics by Skeptical Science is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Based on a work at
Other versions German: File:Cook_et_al._(2016)_Studies_consensus-de.svg

Related file

20201209 Academic studies of scientific consensus - global warming, climate change-en
  • File more consistently selects which studies to include in the graphic--all within a certain time frame rather than pick-and-choose.
  • Suggested caption: Academic studies of scientific agreement on human-caused global warming among climate experts (2010-2015) reflect that the level of consensus correlates with expertise in climate science.[1] A 2019 study found scientific consensus to be at 100%.[2]
  1. (2016). "Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming". Environmental Research Letters 11 (4): 048002. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/048002.
  2. (20 November 2019). "Scientists Reach 100% Consensus on Anthropogenic Global Warming". Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 37 (4): 183–184. DOI:10.1177/0270467619886266.


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current20:51, 16 November 2020Thumbnail for version as of 20:51, 16 November 20201,920 × 1,080 (263 KB)RCraig09Version 2: Enlarge font size of names to be readable on Wikipedia, per discussion at en: Talk:Climate change 15 Nov 2020 (also slightly reduce size of numbers)