Plant-based foods are an inadequate source of vitamin B12
For[edit | edit source]
- According to the National Institutes of Health, "Strict vegetarians and vegans are at greater risk than lacto-ovo vegetarians and nonvegetarians of developing vitamin B12 deficiency because natural food sources of vitamin B12 are limited to animal foods"
- The Vegan Society and the Vegetarian Resource Group recommend that every vegan consume adequate B12 from either fortified foods or by taking a supplement.
- One 2003 study found that although vegetarians that consume dairy and eggs are less likely than vegans to have a vitamin B12 deficiency, the majority of them still had a B12 deficiency. Only about 5% of meat eaters in the study had a B12 deficiency.
See Also[edit | edit source]
- A well-planned, balanced vegetarian diet is suitable to meet all recommendations for nutrients in every stage of human life
- Most vegetarians are deficient in vitamin B12
- A lacto-ovo vegetarian can use eggs and milk to obtain all the B12 that they require
Citations[edit | edit source]
- "Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Vitamin B12". National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements.
- "Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline".
- "Vitamin B12".
- "Vitamin B12 in the Vegan Diet".
- "Vegetarian Diet and B12 Deficiency: Vitamin B12 Deficiency Seen in All Types of Vegetarians".