Plant-based foods are an inadequate source of vitamin B12

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  • According to the National Institutes of Health, "Strict vegetarians and vegans are at greater risk than lacto-ovo vegetarians and nonvegetarians of developing vitamin B12 deficiency because natural food sources of vitamin B12 are limited to animal foods"[1][2]
  • The Vegan Society[3] and the Vegetarian Resource Group[4] recommend that every vegan consume adequate B12 from either fortified foods or by taking a supplement..
  • One 2003 study found that although vegetarians that consume dairy and eggs are less likely than vegans to have a vitamin B12 deficiency, the majority of them still had a B12 deficiency. Only about 5% of meat eaters in the study had a B12 deficiency.[5]

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