Students perform better after courts order states to spend more on low-income schools
- According to an article in the Atlantic, "studies show that after courts order public schools to spend more on low-income students, students begin to do better and better in school." The article cites a 2016 study from the UC Berkeley Institute for Research on Labor and Employment. The Berkeley study notes that the effects of financial reforms are slow and that the achievement gap between students in low and high income schools does not begin to narrow until after about the "the fifth post-event year."
- A 2004 study of Vermont's Act 60 and review of previous case studies in California, Kansas, and Kentucky found that "The types of finance reforms that have been implemented in various states in response to court orders appear to have had little, if any, impact on the distribution of student test performance in those states."